|Step 1 - You will
Menorah or you can make your own. And a match,
candles or olive oil.
You will need a couple of terms. A
list of them can also be found at the end of this page. Chanukah can
be spelled Hanukkah or called Festival of Lights. A Hanukkah
Menorah is a Hanukkiah and has 9 candles. The tallest candle
is called the "Shamash." The Shamash candle is used to light the
other eight candles since it is forbidden to use the Hanukkah lights
for any purpose other than viewing.
Step 2 - On
the sunset of the 24th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev, is when
the Menorah is first lighted.
Ideally the menorah should be lit
as soon as the sun goes down but if you can't do it then, it can be
done later in the night. Everyone in the family should be present
when the menorah is lit and the candles or oil should burn at least
45 minutes. If candles go out you may relight them except on
Shabbos. On Friday the menorah should be lit before sundown
and before the Shabbos candles.
Step 3 - Blessings
All three blessings are said on the first night, and on the rest
only the first two are recited.
Blessing one: Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of
the universe, who has sanctified us by His commandments, and has
commanded us to kindle the lights of Chanukah. To pronounce it in
Hebrew, here is the transliteration: Baruk Atah Adonai Eloheynu
Melek Ha-olam Asher Kiddeeshonu Be-mitzvasov Vi-tsivonu Lehadlik Ner
Blessed are you, Lord our God, King of the universe, who wrought
miracles for our fathers in days of old, at this season.
Transliteration: Baruk Atah Adonai Eloheynu Melek Ha-olam She-oso
Nissim La-avoseynu Ba-yyomim Ho-heym Ba-zzman Ha-zzeh.
This blessing is said only the first night (the other two are said
every night of Chanukah) Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the
universe, who has kept us alive, and has preserved us, and enabled
us to reach this time. Transliteration: Baruk Atah Adonai Eloheynu
Melek Ha-olam Sha-hekheeyonu Ve-keeyeemonu Ve-heeggee'onu La-zzman
Each night you light the candles and
recite the blessings, increasing the number of candles in the
menorah to correspond with the night. Although the candles are put
in beginning on the far right and working to the left, the last or
the candle to the far left
is always lit first and continues from left to right.