Remember everything you will need will have to be
kosher for Passover. Next to the
Kosher Symbol will be a P or the words "Kosher
You will need the following foods for your seder
kosher wine for Passover, cinnamon, sugar, shank
bone or poultry neck, egg, parsley or potato, celery,
horseradish root or prepared horseradish.
5: Charoset is mixture of apples, nuts,
wine and spices.
Charoset is symbolic of the mortar the Jewish slaves
made in their building for the Egyptians. To make
charoset, prepare 1 cup of walnuts, 1 granny smith
green apple, 2 tsp. cinnamon, 2 tsp. sugar, and
red wine to moisten. Chop the nuts and apples
to the consistency you want (a food processor can
be used). Sprinkle with spices, and moisten with
wine. The texture of the charoset should remind
us of mortar.
Zeroa is a shank bone or neck of poultry, roasted.
Zeroa is a reminder of the "mighty arm of G-d"
as the Bible describes it. It is also symbolic of
the Paschal lamb offered as the Passover sacrifice
in Temple days. Roast the shank bone in the oven
for about 30 minutes.
Baytzah is a hard-boiled egg.
Baytzah is symbolic of the regular festival sacrifice
brought in the days of the Temple. Some authorities
have interpreted this as a symbol of mourning for
the loss of the two Temples (the first was destroyed
by the Babylonians in 586 B.C.E., the second by
the Romans in 70 C.E.). With the Temples destroyed,
sacrifices could no longer be offered. The egg symbolized
this loss and traditionally became the food of mourners.
Karpas is a vegetable. Parsley or a potato is generally
used. Karpas is dipped in salt water
to represent tears. The custom of serving karpas
dates back to Jerusalem of the 1st and 2nd centuries
when it was common to begin a formal meal by passing
around vegetables as hors d’oeuvres.
Maror is bitter herbs. Horseradish root or prepared
horseradish is generally used. Maror represents
the bitter life of the Israelites during the time
of their enslavement in Egypt.
Chazeret is a bitter vegetable. Celery or lettuce
can be used. Those who do not put chazeret
on their Seder Plate sometimes put a dish of salt
water in its place.
Last Minute Tips:
the Seder Plate long before the Seder meal so
you are not pressured to get it ready at the last
children to help you prepare the Seder Plate is
a fun and effective way to teach them about the
symbolism of the food and their connection to
the Passover story.
long will the seder take? Good question
-- Plan on at least 3 hours for the seder and meal.
However, that is a very fast seder.... some last
to the early morning.
"Seder" means "order", it is
not unexpected that there is an order to the night's
proceedings. The night goes as follows [the Hebrew
read left to right]:
Kaddesh קדש (Saying of Kiddush
blessing and the first cup of Wine)
Ur'chatz ורחץ (The washing
of the hands)
Karpas כרפס (Dipping of
the Karpas in salt water)
Yachatz יחץ (Break middle matzoh.
It becomes the Afikomen)
Maggid מגיד(Telling of the
Passover story. The saying of the Four Question.)
Rochtzah רחץ(Second washing of
Motzi/ Matzah מוציא
/ מצה (Saying of the matzah blessing)
Maror מרור (Eating of charoset
Korech כורך (Eating of Matzah,
charoset, and maror)
Shulchan Orech שולחן
עורך (Dinner is served)
Tzafun צפון (Eating of the
Barech ברך (After dinner blessing,
Wine, and in Ashkenazi families: welcoming of Elijah
Hallel הלל (Song singing, more
Nirtzah נירצה (Conclusion)